Sound as a form of therapy and healing is something most everyone can relate to. We listen to music when we are happy and sad, celebrating or mourning. Music has a way of channeling and transforming emotions into something more rich and palpable. A popular quote, likely erroneously attributed to Plato, spells it out best:
“Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination and life to everything.”
In recent years, sound healing, also called sound therapy and sound healing, has evolved into a therapeutic field that uses sound to treat stress, anxiety, depression, PTSD, and more. Sound healers and therapists often use sound vibrations to promote relaxation and reduce stress so it is no surprise that particular emphasis is placed on the actual instruments generating the sounds and songs that impact our emotional, spiritual, and physical state.
While handpans are fairly new instruments, sound healers around the globe laud their hypnotic, relaxing, dreamy, and meditative sound qualities. We couldn’t agree more.
Sound Therapy Terminology
Sound vibration is central to the tenants of how sound healing works. Everything in the universe has a vibration, and many sound-healing practitioners believe that music or sounds that replicate other types of vibrations found in nature may have a positive effect on health and wellbeing. To better understand how handpans support notions of sound healing, we first need to dial in on a few musical terms that come up in sound-healing circles:
- Frequency – Frequency is the speed of vibration. Each musical note vibrates at a different frequency. If you move from left to right across a piano, the frequency increases as higher pitched notes vibrate at a higher frequency.
- Hertz (Hz) – Hertz is the measurement of frequency as beats per second. The frequency of middle C on the piano is 261.63 Hz. The frequency of a hummingbird’s wing beat is around 80 Hz. A crash cymbal can be composed of frequencies from 400 – 12,000 Hz.
- Resonance – Resonance is the length of time a sound is sustained at a certain frequency after the cause is removed. In music, for example, resonance would be the length of time of a sound after striking a cymbal, drum, or handpan. When you use the pedals of a piano, you add resonance. “Sustain” is also used synonymously with resonance.
Four Sound Healing Instruments
The best instruments for sound healing are those that vibrate at the desired frequencies and help you reach a meditative state. Many sound therapist and healers believe that specific sound frequencies are better able to reduce stress and improve physical and mental well-being.
Handpan Frequency Magic
Handpans have been called the holy grail of sound therapy and healing largely due to their superb resonance and full sound emanating in all directions. Each handpan is hand hammered, shaped from steel, and tuned by hand. The very act of playing a handpan is an intimate and meditative experience as you gently tap the notes with your fingers. Handpans being used for sound therapy and meditation are a growing practice that we are happy to encourage.
“It’s amazing how many clients are drawn in by the sound and energy of my Saraz handpans. I use them for every session. Just tapping a few notes fills the room with magic. Regardless of tempo, slow or fast, the resulting feeling is that of an angelic presence. Everyone wants to play the Saraz handpan afterwards!” – Billy Zanski, Sound Healer and Owner of Skinny Beats
Quality handpans (and steel drums) are among the very few instruments where each note is tuned to a 1:2:3 frequency ratio. That means there are 3 frequencies in each note anytime it is played including a fundamental tone, an octave harmonic and a compound fifth harmonic! The second frequency (the octave) is exactly half the size of the first (fundamental), and the third frequency (the compound fifth) is, you guessed it, 1/3 the size of the first (fundamental). We are not aware of any other musical instruments tuned like this beyond quality steel drums.
Why does handpan frequency ratio matter?
Sense and perception research psychologists have stated that when our brains hear any soundscape, it is first trying to simplify as many ratios as possible while focusing mainly on the vocal range of frequencies. Basically, a handpan is ear candy because the ratios are already simplified into the most primary ratio possible. Saraz founder Mark Garner hypothesizes that the resulting sound of the frequency ratios is one of the reasons why many people instantly fall in love with these instruments.
Singing Bowls represent an ancient form of sound healing and therapy. In some Buddhist traditions, the sound of a singing bowl signals the beginning and end to meditation sessions. Tibetan singing bowls are typically made from a bronze alloy and are played by striking or rubbing the rim with a mallet that causes the bowl to vibrate and emit sound.
The didgeridoo is an ancient Australian hollow tube wind instrument originally used in ceremonies and rituals. The first didgeridoos were made of wood, but now you can find them made from a host of materials ranging from fiberglass to leather. The didgeridoo creates sound when a player vibrates their lips and blows into the tube, causing the air inside the instrument to vibrate at different frequencies and produce sound.
Gongs have been used in ceremonies, rituals prayer and meditation for an estimated 4000 years. The sound can be calming and relaxing while also energizing and transforming. These powerful sound sculptures have become increasingly popular in Sound Meditations and therapy sessions.
Interviews with Sound Healers, therapists, and Meditation Guides
The handpan creates a sound which many people feel is more than just music. In the following series of interviews, we explore how people from various walks of life approach the handpan for healing, meditation and therapeutic purposes. Join us we discuss these dynamics and the experiences with the practitioners themselves.
More Than Music – Episode 1. Billy Zanksi on Sound Meditation with Handpans
Join Billy Zanski at Skinny Beats Sound Shop in Asheville, North Carolina as he explores sound healing and meditation with Saraz Handpans, Crystal Bowls and Gongs.
440 Hz, 432 Hz, and Specific Sound-Healing Frequencies
Physicists tell us that because everything vibrates everything has a frequency including sounds, physical objects, internal organs, and even thoughts. Many sound healers utilize specific frequencies that resonate with the internal organs, body, mind, emotions, and even the earth as a way of creating harmony and connectivity.
Overwhelmingly, most musical instruments are tuned to a standard 440 Hz for A4. Before the 440 Hz tuning standard became almost universal, many organizations and countries followed the French standard of 435 Hz. The International Organization for Standardization affirmed 440 Hz in 1955 and reaffirmed it in 1975.
Alternative tuning standards persist today. Using 432 Hz for A4 has been popularized in some sound healing and meditation circles. Practitioners who promote this tuning standard say that it makes the body and the world around our bodies, resonate in a more natural way while creating a greater sense of wellbeing and releasing emotional blockages meanwhile music based on 440 Hz causes stress, negative behaviors, and unstable emotions We have met multiple sound healers who have extensively compared 432 Hz and 440 Hz and feel strongly that 432 Hz is indeed a more powerful tuning standard for sound healing and meditation. Learn more about sound healing at the Sound Healers Association.
Another example of a different tuning standard philosophy comes from Classical Indian Music, which is commonly played on Sitar and Tabla. In this style of music, there is no universal standard. Players tune to each other and, more philosophically, the tuning standard of the present moment. The Sitar and Tabla are designed specifically for the fluidity of not only tuning standard flexibility but also the flexibility of the intervals between notes. You may experience this tuning philosophy when sitting around the campfire with a few guitar players that find they need to tune to each other in order to play together. Whatever tuning standard is chosen, it is important to realize that it is the ratio of frequencies of different notes that create harmony, and it is possible to create harmony based on any tuning standard.
Saraz Handpan Tuning and Frequencies
Saraz handpans can be built in any tuning standard. While we have built most Saraz based upon 440 Hz due to popularity, we have also built instruments by request in 432 Hz and even 444 Hz. It’s important to note that Handpans should only be tuned by a professional who has extensive experience. Handpans are not flexible and cannot be tuned, for example, with the ease of a guitar.
Overwhelmingly 99.9% of most instruments are tuned with 440 Hz standard, which makes this by far the most popular tuning standard. For perspective, an instrument tuned to 432 Hz standard is approximately ⅓ of a semitone flat of an instrument tuned to 440 Hz. This means that two instruments each tuned to 440 Hz and 432 Hz will sound horrible together. If a handpan player has any intentions of ever playing with others in a 440 Hz tuning standard, it is best to get an instrument tuned to 440 Hz. If the player intends to play with only instruments tuned to 432 Hz, it is best to get one tuned to that frequency.
If you are interested in a custom handpan tuned at a specific frequency, please get in touch! We have also recently developed a fully customizable line of handpans with the sound healer in mind. Our Meditation Series is a beautiful stainless-steel handpan line characterized by long sustaining dreamy, hypnotic, and meditative tones.