For the best internal resonance of each scale, the Saraz is built in three sizes. The diameter (19″, 20″ & the original 21″) is indicated either beside a particular scale layout or in the description of the scale.

Four or less of the notes in (parenthesis) are available on the bottom shell of the instrument.

The port on the bottom shell of each Saraz is tuned with three different tones that correspond to the scale. Shoulder tones are tuned into the border of the 99.99% of center notes. We determine the best port and shoulder tone tuning for each individual instrument.

This list is organized first by center note (lowest to highest), then by scale name and number of notes. Click on the green links for video samples.

For information on the most popular musical keys as well as Handpan scales, please visit here.

Our friend David Charrier wrote a great article about how to choose your first Handpan Scale. It can be found here.

B Major/Mixolydian

Uplifting, positive and triumphant. These hexatonic variations leave out the major 7th scale degree. This turns down the whimsical and dreamy quality of the major scale while hinting strongly at the more compelling nature of a Mixolydian mode, which these variations could also be called – 21″ Diameter

8-9 Notes
B/ B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B
B/ B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#

10-12 Notes
B/ (F#, G#) B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C# (D#)

B Minor

Mysterious, deep and compelling. These hexatonic variations leave out the 7th scale degree, which can also hint at a Harmonic Minor – 21″ Diameter

8-9 Notes
B/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B
B/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C#

10-12 Notes
B/ (F#, A) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C#
B/ (F#, G) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C# (D)

B Dorian

This mode is a contemplative exploration of mystery. These hexatonic variations leave out the 7th scale degree – 21″ Diameter

8-9 Notes
B/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B
B/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C#

10-13 Notes
B/ (F#, G#, A) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B,  C#
B/ (F#, G#) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B , C# (D)

C Minor

Mysterious, deep and compelling. These hexatonic variations leave out the 7th scale degree, which can also hint at a Harmonic Minor – 21″ Diameter

8-9 Notes
C/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C
C/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D

10-13 Notes
C/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (Eb)
C/ (F, G, Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D
C/ (F, G, Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (Eb)

C# Major

Peaceful, uplifting and optimistic. Our 9 note hexatonic variation features an octave jump from the central C#3 to the lowest side note, a C#4.  The low 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th scale degrees are available on the bottom shell  – 21″ Diameter

8-9 Notes
C#/ C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, B#, C#
C#/ C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, B#, C#, D#

10-13 Notes
C#/ (E#, F#, G#, B#) C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, B#, C#, D#

C# Mixolydian

Happy and uplifting with a bit of motivating and jazzy mystery. A close relative of the major scale, the first hexatonic layout leaves out the 6th scale degree. The second and third pentatonic layouts leave out the 4th and 6th scale degrees – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E#, F#, G#
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E#, G#, B
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E#, G#, C#

9-12 Notes
C#/ C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, B, C#, D#
C#/ (E#, F#) G#, B, C#, D#, E#, F#, G# (B, C#)
C#/ (E#, F#) G#, B, C#, D#, E#, G#, B (C#)
C#/ (E#, F#, G#, B) C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, B, C#, D#

C# Minor

Mysterious and meditative – These hexatonic variations exclude the suspenseful minor 6th, which creates a “Celtic Minor”.  Adding the high B4 to the first 8 note variation is the “Amara” scale – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E, G#, C#

9-12 Notes
C#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D#
C#/ (F#) G#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#
C#/ G#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G# (B, C#)
C#/ (F#) G#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G# (B, C#)
C#/ (F#) G#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G# (B, C#, D#)
C#/ (F#, G#, B) C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D#

C# Harmonic Minor

Suspenseful and dark. A close relative of F# Harmonic Minor, G# Tarznauyn and F# Hijaz, these hexatonic variations leave out the 6th scale degree – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
C#/ G#, B#, C#, D# E, F#, G#

9-12 Notes
C#/ (F#) G#, B#, C#, D#, E, F#, G# (B#, C#, D#)

D Major

The first 8 note variation is a cheerful, positive, uplifting sugar sweet fairy tale. This hexatonic variation leaves out the Major 6th which is also the first note of the relative minor. The second 8 note variation is a dynamic hexatonic variation with a strong hint of B minor on the high end.

8 Notes
D/A, C#, D, E, F#, G, A (20″)
D/ A, B, D, E, F#, G, B (21″)

9-12 Notes
D/ (F#, G) A, C#, D, E, F#, G, A, (C#, D)
D/ (F#, G), A, B, D, E, F#, G, B (C#, D)

D Mixolydian / G Major

Happy and uplifting with a bit of motivating and jazzy mystery. A close relative of the major scale, this hexatonic mode leaves out the 6th scale degree – 20″ Diameter

8 Notes
D/ A, C, D, E, F#, G, A

9-12 Notes
D/ (G) A, C, D, E, F#, G, A
D/ (F#, G) A, C, D, E, F#, G, A (C, D)

D Minor

Mysterious, meditative, and compelling. Also called “Celtic Minor”. This hexatonic scale leaves out the minor 6th – 20″ diameter

8 Notes
D/ A, C, D, E, F, G, A

9-11 Notes
D/ A, C, D, E, F, G, A (C)
D/ (G) A, C, D, E, F, G, A
D/ (G) A, C, D, E, F, G, A, (C, D)
D/ A (Bb) C, D, E, F, G, A (C)

D Phrygian

Suspenseful and dark. A close relative of G Harmonic Minor, A Tarznauyn and G Hijaz, these hexatonic variations leave out the 6th scale degree – 20″ Diameter
8 Notes
D/ A, C, D, Eb, F#, G, A

9-12 Notes
D/ (G) A, C, D, Eb, F#, G, A, (C, D)
D/ (F#, G) A (Bb) C, D, Eb, F#, G, A (C, D)

Eb Minor

With an octave jump and no minor 6th on the first 8 note variation, this is a “Celtic Minor”. The second 8 note variation leaves out the minor 3rd and 6th resulting in a jovial pentatonic with a taste of the mysterious Orient – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
Eb/ Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, Db, Eb
Eb/ Bb, Db, Eb, F Ab, Bb, Db

9-10 Notes
Eb/(Db) Eb, F, Gb, Ab, Bb, Db, Eb
Eb/ Bb, Db, Eb, F, (Gb) Ab, Bb, Db (Eb)

E Major

Happy, uplifting, inspirational and positive – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
E/ B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B
E/ A, B, C#, E, F#, G#, B
E/ G#, B, C#, E, F#, G#, B

9-12 Notes
E/ (F#, G#) A, B, C#, (D#) E, F#, G#, B, (C#)
E/ (F#, G#) A, B, C#, E, F#, G#, B, (C#, D#)
E/ (F#, G#) B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, (C#, D#)

E Mixolydian / A Major

This mode can be compelling, uplifting, epic and sometimes seductively romantic. One customer described it “Like a friendly old man you start a conversation with and halfway through you realize that he is God and everything is on the line. Then after an epic adventure, you wake up in a field of lavender and there is a cute squirrel on your chest laughing” – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
E/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B
E/ A, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B

9-12 Notes
E/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C#
E/ (F#, G#) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C# (D)
E/ (F#, G#, A) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C#

E Dorian / B Minor

This mode is a contemplative exploration of mystery. Adding the low G3 to the first 8 note variation is the “La Sirena” scale form – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
E/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B
E/ A, B, C#, E, F#, G, B

9-12 Notes
E/ (G) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B
E/ (F#, G) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C# (D)
E/ (F#, G) A, B, C#, E, F#, G, B (C#, D)

E Minor

Driving and mysterious. The C adds suspense and tension. The first 8 note variation is also the “Integral” or “prodigal” scale form. Adding a low G to the bottom of the “Prodigal” is the “Equinox” scale. Without the C, this scale is a Celtic Minor. The second 8 note scale is also called “Da Xiong Diao” or “Big Bear Mode” in Mandarin – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
E/ B, C, D, E, F#, G, B
E/ A, B, D, E, F#, G, B

9-12 Notes
E/ (G) A, B, D, E, F#, G, B
E/ (G) B, C, D, E, F#, G, B
E/ (F#, G) A, B, D, E, F#, G, B (C, D)
E/ (F#, G) B, C, D, E, F#, G, B (C, D)

E Harmonic Minor

Suspenseful and dark. Close relative to F# Tarznauyn or E Hijaz. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree. Adding a low G3 to the 8 note variation is also called the “Raja” – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
E/ B, C, D#, E, F#, G, B

9-12 Notes
E/ (G) B, C, D#, E, F#, G, B
E/ (F#, G) B, C, D#, E, F#, G, B (C, D#)

F Major

Positive, uplifting and peaceful. This hexatonic variation of F major leaves out the 4th scale degree and is one of our few scales that plays flawlessly with incredibly popular D minor scales.

8 Notes
F/ C, D, E, F, G, A, C (20″)

9-12 Notes
F/ (A, Bb) C, D, E, F, G, A, C (20″)
F/ (G, A) C, D, E, F, G, A, C, D (21″)

F Mixolydian

This mode can be compelling, uplifting, epic and sometimes seductively romantic – 20″ Diameter

8 Notes
F/ C, D, Eb, F, G, A, C

9-12 Notes
F/ (A, Bb) C, D, Eb, F, G, A, C

F Minor

Mysterious, compelling, and dark. This is the classic “integral” scale form which leaves out the 4th scale degree. Adding the low Ab to the 8 note variation creates the “Equinox AG”.

8 Notes
F/ C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab, C  (21″)

9-12 Notes
F/ (Bb) C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab, C  (20″)
F/ (G, Bb) C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (Db) (20″)
F/ (G, Ab) C, Db, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (Db, Eb) (21″)

F Dorian / C Minor

This mode is a contemplative exploration of mystery. Adding the Ab3 to the 8 note variation is the “La Sirena AG” scale form.

8 Notes
F/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (21″)

9-12 Notes
F/ (Bb) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (20″)
F/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (21″)
F/ (G, Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (21″)
F/ (Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (21″) 
F/ (G, Bb) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C (D) (20″)
F/ (G, Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (Eb) (21″)

F Harmonic Minor

Suspenseful and dark. Close relative to G Tarznauyn,  F Hijaz and C Phrygian. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree. 21″ Diameter
8 Notes
F/ C, Db, E, F, G, Ab, C
9-12 Notes
F/ (Ab) C, Db, E, F, G, Ab, C
F/ (G, Ab) C, Db, E, F, G, Ab, C (Db, E)

F# Major

Happy, uplifting, inspirational and positive. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
F#/ C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, A#, C#
9 Notes
F#/ (A#) C#, D#, E#, F#, G#, A#, C#

F# Mixolydian

This mode is motivating, uplifting, epic, jazzy, and sometimes romantic. This variation leaves out the 4th scale degree – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
F#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, C#
9 Notes
F#/ (A#) C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, C#

F# Minor

Driving and mysterious. The first 8 note layout is the classic “integral” scale form, which leaves out the 4th scale degree.
8 Notes
F#/ C#, D, E, F#, G#, A, C# (20″)
F#/ C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C# (21″)

9-11 Notes
F#/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C# (21″)
F#/ (G#, A) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C# (21″)
F#/ (G#) B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, B, C# (D) (21″)
F#/ (G#, A) C#, D, E, F#, G#, A, C# (20″)
F#/ (G#) C#, D, E, F#, G#, A, C# (D) (20″)

F# Dorian/ C# Minor

The dorian mode is sometimes considered contemplative, energetic, and intriguing. The 20″ hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree resulting in the more traditional contemplative and mysterious Dorian feel. The 21″ hexatonic variation leaves out the 3rd scale degree resulting in one of the most positive Dorian variations that we offer as it has a very strong flavor of a peaceful and tranquil B major or mixolydian. With a low B3 added to the bottom of the 21″, it might be better referred to as a B major/mixolydian scale that leaves out the 7th scale degree.

8 Notes
F#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C# (21″)
F#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C# (20″)

9-11 Notes
F#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D# (21″)
F#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C#, D# (20″)
F#/ (G#, B) C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D# (21″)
F#/ (G#) C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C#, D# (20″)

F# Harmonic Minor

Suspenseful and dark. Close relative of G# Tarznauyn and F# Hijaz. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree – 20″ Diameter

8 Notes
F#/ C#, D, E#, F#, G#, A, C#

9-10 Notes
F#/ (G#, A) C#, D, E#, F#, G#, A, C#

B Minor

Driving and mysterious. The 8 note variation is also called F# Akebono, which is a pentatonic scale from traditional Japanese music. The 9 note variation is the “Hokkaido” scale form. The low G adds significantly more suspense and tension. The low A, which is also the minor 3rd of the center F#, brings more smoothness and peaceful intrigue – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
F#/ B, C#, D, F#, G, B, C#

9-11 Notes
F#/ B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C#
F#/ (A) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C#
F#/ (G) B, C#, D, E, F#, G, B, C# (D)

G Major

Happy, uplifting, inspirational, positive, and sugar sweet – 21″ Diameter

8 Notes
G/ D, E, F#, G, B, C, D

9-11 Notes
G/ C, D, E, F#, G, B, C, D
G/ (A, B) C, D, E, F#, G, B, C, D

G Minor

Driving, mysterious, epic, and sometimes dark. This is the classic “Integral” scale form which leaves out the 4th scale degree – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
G/ D, Eb, F, G, A, Bb, D

9-10 Notes
G/ (A, Bb) D, Eb, F, G, A, Bb, D

G Dorian

The dorian mode is sometimes considered contemplative, energetic, and intriguing. This is one of our few scales that plays flawlessly with incredibly popular D Minor scales. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
G/ D, E, F, G, A, Bb, D

9 Notes
G/(A) D, E, F, G, A, Bb, D

G Harmonic Minor

Suspenseful and dark. Close relative of D Phrygian and G Hijaz. This hexatonic variation leaves out the 4th scale degree – 19″ Diameter
8 Notes
G/ D, Eb, F#, G, A, Bb, D

9-10 Notes
G/ (A, Bb) D, Eb, F#, G, A, Bb, D

G Phrygian

Suspenseful and dark. Close relative of C Harmonic Minor, D Tarznauyn and C Hijaz – 21″ Diameter

9-13 Notes
G/ C, D, F, G, Ab, B, C, D
G/ B, C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C
G/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D
G/ (Ab, B) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, (B), C, D
G/ (Ab, B) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, (B), C, D, (Eb)

G Akebono

Traditional Japanese scale that was developed for transition where any note can serve as the tonic – 21″ diameter

8 Notes
G/ C, D, Eb, G, Ab, C, D

9-11 Notes
G/ C, D, Eb, G, Ab, C, D (Eb)

C Minor

Mysterious and compelling. This hexatonic variation leaves out the minor 7th – 21″ diameter

9-11 Notes
G/ C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D
G/ (Ab) C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, C, D (Eb)

G# Minor

Mysterious and compelling. This higher register hexatonic variation leaves out the second scale degree – 21″ diameter

8-10 Notes
G#/ D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D#
G#/ C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D#
G#/ (F#3, B3) C#, D#, E, F#, G#, B, C#, D#